Threatened and protected plants and animals can be found.

At all altitudes of the Zillertal, threatened and protected plants and animals can be found. The larvae of the mayfly and the caddis fly found in brooks and streams are considered essential indicators for the quality and purity of the water. Meanwhile, one single hill of the red forest ant exterminates more than 10,000 vermins every day. Rather limited in comparison is the diversity of fish species. Two major species are the brown trout, which feels at home in brooks and streams with gravel, and the common or Eurasian minnow, which is a small schooling fish that can cope with shallow waters even at altitudes of more than 2,000 m. Amphibians and reptiles are represented by the innocuous grass snake, which inhabits the wetland meadows, and the thermophilic, somewhat venomous common adder, which prefers dryer domiciles. Then there‘s also the fairly widespread grass frog, which is highly  tolerant of cold temperatures, and the alpine salamander, which loves high humidity and is therefore considered a fairly reliable harbinger of rain. At the Hohe Tauern mountain ranges, one can frequently spot the imposing golden eagle as well as the even bigger bearded vulture gliding through the  dizzying heights. However, there are currently no known aeries of these majestic birds in the region. Other typical alpine bird species include the rock ptarmigan, the alpine accentor, and of course the alpine chough, which belongs to the crow family, is naturally curious about hikers‘ lunchboxes, and is known as an acrobat of the sky. Among the mammals of the region then, we find plenty of species that are truly iconic of the Alps: marmots, chamois, and the alpine ibex. 

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