THE GOLDEN MEAN

Mining of silver, gold, and magnesite has got a long tradition

Mining of silver, gold, and magnesite has got a long tradition in the Tyrolean lowlands that kept on going up into the 1970s. The oldest archeological find of a mining spot dates back to the neotlithic age: back then, raw crystals were used to craft arrowheads for hunting. Later, metals took the center stage. By 1500, more than 80 “mining establishments” are documented. Copper, lead, silver and asbestos were among the resources most frequently extracted. Between the 17th and the 19th century, people even discovered lavishly abundant gold mines, which lead the area around Hainzenberg into an extraordinary period of prosperity. Today, the Goldschaubergwerk (roughly: “gold mine exposition”) tells the story of that particularly remunerative chapter in history. The youngest mining enterprise of the Zillertal – the Magnesitwerk in Tux – was run up until 1976, and it not only mined magnesite but also a tungsten ore called “Scheelit” – an important component in the filament of light bulbs. What came along with the mining industry was the lumber industry. When in the 15th and 16th century, mining skyrocketed, the demand for lumber also soared. Still today, there are many big sawmills located throughout the region, which used to import and export their lumber by means of the Zillertalbahn that was built for that purpose first and foremost. 

The Heard of Tyrol • Natural beauty • Chamois, Golden Eagle & Friends  • Giants of the Ice Age • RocK'n'Roll - Mineral Rocks • The Golden Mean • Agriculture and Economy  • Poachers and Smugglers  • Inklinant's - a tragic story   • Music an more

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