poachers and smugglers

As the metals‘ sheen began to wane, the region got haunted by poverty. Men and women alike had to look for ways to make a living outside of the Zillertal. That‘s why they not only started frequenting the Inntal where they were called “T.lderer”s (“valley people”), but they also embarked upon traveling the whole world! Quickly, they became popular for their chipper spirit as well as their industriousness. They founded businesses in Austria, Germany, switzerland, France, and in the Netherlands. Some of those businesses are still active today. As so-called “oil carriers” and “gloves salesmen”, they wandered the globe, advertizing their ointments and tinctures and their liquors made from berries and herbs for their “miraculous” benefits – a true wonder drug for man and cattle alike! Less “honorable”, though deserving a mention nonetheless, were the many poachers and smugglers that originated from the region as well. After World War I, Northern and Southern Tyrol suddenly found themselves divided into two separate nations. Two nations that evertheless strongly felt they belong together. Legal trade of goods between the two had been made impossible. Customs offices were raised, and socalled “Finanzer”s (i.e.: customs officers) closely monitored the border traffic. Smuggling flourished – as documented in that folk song quoted at the beginning of this segment. The smugglers became subject of a great many tales to tell. The poachers, meanwhile, spawned their own collection of “legends”. It was the easing of tensions between Italy and Austria and the rise of rural living standards that followed, which led to a significant decrease in the number of smuggling- and poaching-related offenses. 

The Heard of Tyrol • Natural beauty • Chamois, Golden Eagle & Friends  • Giants of the Ice Age • RocK'n'Roll - Mineral Rocks • The Golden Mean • Agriculture and Economy  • Poachers and Smugglers  • Inklinant's - a tragic story   • Music an more

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